Deutsch |  |  Sitemap | Impressum | Kontakt | Einrichtungen A-Z | Suche | 
Siegel der Universität
Department für Chemie - Arbeitsgruppe Prof. Strey

On using gliadin for micro- and nanocellular foams

Dr. Silke Quester, 2015

Bio-derived, fully biodegradable closed-cell micro- and nanocellular foams from gliadin, an
abundantly available wheat storage protein, were produced in a newly derived foaming
procedure using nitrogen or carbon dioxide as blowing agent. First, dry gliadin powder or
gliadin film was plasticized, resulting in a viscoelastic paste that was then subjected to an
atmosphere of nitrogen or carbon dioxide in a high-pressure cell. Subsequent tempering,
followed by a sudden release of pressure and cooling resulted in closed-cell micro- or
nanocellular foams. Depending on the type of blowing agent and the processing parameters,
the foam morphology was tunable. Foams prepared via the proposed procedure exhibit the
smallest cell sizes, highest cell number density, and highest porosity ever reported for foaming
of wheat proteins. The procedure is simple and low cost, possibly leading to a technical
realization and constituting a promising new approach for utilization of unique natural potential,
e.g. for high technical quality (short purpose) packaging, insulation, and application materials
that are easily and environmentally friendly recyclable, and even edible.